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The National Park Jotunheimen
Jotunheimen is a mountainous region in southern Norway with an area of ??about 3500 square kilometers. The highest mountains in northern Europe are here: Galdhøpiggen ( 2,469 m) and Glittertinden ( 2,464 m ).
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Jotunheimen consists of several mountain ranges separated by U-shaped valleys formed by glaciers, many of them with lakes.
Mountain areas are located in the 1800 - 2400 meters altitude, while most of the valleys is above timberline 100-1400 meters above sea level.
The main mountain areas are the
-massif and the
in the west,
to the southwest, and the peaks between Gjendesheim and Bygdin, often called the Gjende Alps in the south.
In the east you find the Memerutind massif and in the north the Glittertind massif.
In addition to these areas there are many free-standing mountains.
There have been traces of people in Jotunheimen from 2000 BC near
the lakes Tesse, Tyin and Vinstervann.
The name Jotunheimen derives from Norse mythology and means the Giants' home.
The name was first used by the Norwegian author Aasmund Olafson Vinje, who hiked a lot in the area in the 1860s.
But there were scientists, artists , students and wealthy Norwegians and English tourists that made Jotunheimen well known during the 1900 century.
Carpelan watercolor " View from Murklopphøgda at Filefjell to the north " is probably the first artistic depiction of Jotunheimen.
In the 1820s, the area was known as Jotunfjeldene among pioneers like Christian Peder Bianco Boeck and Baltazar Mathias Keilhau, who - inspired by the amount of people that went to conqueer mountains between Silesia and Bohemia - made trips to unknown peaks, valleys and summits.
Today, Jotunheimen is one of Norway's most popular national parks.